AI News Weekly – Issue #191: Behind the Paper That Led to a Google Researcher’s Firing – Dec 10th 2020

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In the News

Behind the Paper That Led to a Google Researcher’s Firing

Earlier this year, Google artificial intelligence researcher Timnit Gebru sent a Twitter message to University of Washington professor Emily Bender.
One of the studies cited, showing evidence of bias in language AI, was published by Google researchers earlier this year.

wired.com

Sponsor

451 Research Report on Orca Security’s Light, Agentless Approach to Cloud Security

Orca’s combination of SaaS delivery, SideScanning technology, and access to cloud configuration APIs provides security visibility and context into different aspects of cloud security with less friction than agent-based approaches.

orca.security

In The News

Imagine a world in which AI is in your home, at work, everywhere

Fourth and last in a series that taps the expertise of the Harvard community to examine the promise and potential pitfalls of the rising age of artificial intelligence and machine learning, and how to humanize them.

harvard.edu

Will Artificial Intelligence Ever Live Up to Its Hype?

In October, a group led by Benjamin Haibe-Kains, a computational genomics researcher, criticized the Google health paper, arguing that the “lack of details of the methods and algorithm code undermines its scientific value.”

scientificamerican.com

Getting there: Structured data, semantics, robotics, and the future of AI

Marcus, known in AI circles among other things for his critique on deep learning, recently published a 60-page long paper titled “The Next Decade in AI: Four Steps Towards Robust Artificial Intelligence.”

zdnet.com

Applied use cases

A.I. hit some major milestones in 2020. Here’s a recap

First introduced by Google in 2017, Transformers — a new type of deep learning model — have helped revolutionize natural language processing.
Increasingly, enormous models with huge training costs are dominating the cutting edge of A.I.

digitaltrends.com

How to protect the world from ultra-targeted biological weapons

While still in its early days, precision medicine—spanning personalized vaccines and antibodies, personalized treatment relying on virology and microbe research, personalized cancer treatments, and treatments involving in vivo gene editing—is also starting to become a reality.

thebulletin.org

More compatible coding for machine learning

Traditionally, this means you would have to spend more time learning C++ and rewriting it in the other framework than you spend actually building a model to solve the problem.

mit.edu

Robotics

Meet Ghost Robotics, the Boston Dynamics of combat bots

“We try not to refer to them as robot dogs,” said Jiren Parikh, the president and chief executive of a Philadelphia-based company called Ghost Robotics.
This scene, exactly as described, was a demonstration carried out by Ghost Robotics earlier this year at an Air Force base.

digitaltrends.com

Should robots be gendered? Comments on Alan Winfield’s opinion

Interestingly, I’m noticing a transition from a default male style of robot (think of all the small humanoid fighting, dancing and soccer playing robots) to a default female style of robot as the service robotics industry starts to grow.

wordpress.com

NextMind’s brain-computer interface is ready for developers

At first, its take on things may seem familiar: Don a headset which places a sensor on the back of your head, and it’ll detect your brainwaves which can then be translated into digital actions.
But the diverse and creative demo applications I experienced do hold a lot of promise.

engadget.com

Ethics

On the Moral Collapse of AI Ethics

We need a radical reframing away from the lone researcher against Goliath, to reckon with the failure of the Fairness, Accountability, Transparency and broader ethics frameworks that have allowed opportunists to build their brand, taking up the space required to address the core issues of Big Tech’s…

medium.com

Timnit Gebru: Google staff rally behind fired AI researcher

Hundreds of Google staff have signed a letter backing a leading AI ethics researcher who was sacked by Google.
Following the meeting, she sent an email to an internal group called “Brain Women and Allies”, criticising the decision.

bbc.com

Women in AI Ethics™ – Hall of Fame

This list was curated by the Women in AI Ethics™ Collective and recognizes brilliant women and non-binary people who have made exceptional contributions to the space of AI Ethics and diversity.

100brilliantwomeninaiethics.com

Research

Understanding meta-trained algorithms through a Bayesian lens

One of the most challenging problems in modern AI research is understanding the learned algorithms that arise from training machine learning systems.

medium.com

Using JAX to accelerate our research

JAX is a Python library designed for high-performance numerical computing, especially machine learning research.

deepmind.com

Research Position in Bayesian Deep Learning

Research Position in Bayesian Deep Learning Artificial Intelligence Group Fujitsu Laboratories of Europe Limited Hayes, Uxbridge – Middlesex Fujitsu Laboratories of Europe (FLE) is a multidisciplinary centre which, as part of Fujitsu’s global R&D activity, conducts research and development in …

google.com


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